Thoughts on Day 9 of Ramadan reading

Surah 8, Ayaat 20 – 23 says:

Oh those of you who believe! Obey Allah and His messenger, and do not turn away from Him after you hear him. And do not be like those who said “We have heard” when they do not hear. Indeed, the worst creatures in the sight of Allah are the deaf and dumb who do not use reason.

 

This is admonition to Muslims who hear the Qur’an, yet fail to verify their socio-political ideas and their actions by the Qur’an.  It is completely irrational for Muslims to say that they believe Allah (SWT) created everything, but then take their own thoughts and feelings as an authority over the Qur’an.

Az-Zamakhshari (RH) stated that the deaf refers to those who are deaf to the truth, which comes from Allah (SWT).

We cannot underestimate to influence of humanism and individualism on our thinking processes as Muslims in the West.  Western society has crafted the idea that individuals can independently discern right from wrong as a part of personal freedom.  People can advocate for policies, garner majority sentiments of voters then institute laws, thus making their own rights from wrongs as matters of public policy.  Behaviors that were once off-limits and deemed despicable then gain social currency and acceptance.

What Allah (SWT) and His messenger command us to do and inform us to stay away from is not up for voting or our ignoring from the perspective of the Qur’an.  Muslims who turn away are like the deaf and dumb, who have not followed Qur’anic logic to its logical conclusion.

May Allah (SWT) make us of those who hear and obey, and may He (SWT) protect us from the foolery of thinking that our independent reasoning is equal to the Qur’an.  AMEEN.

Thoughts on Day 7 of Ramadan reading

I’ve finished the 8th juz of the Qur’an in anticipation that Shahr Ramadan may only be 29 days.  Hence, I will reference an ayah from this juz though it is the 7th day.

Surah 6, Ayah 159 states,”And those who split up their deen into sects, you are to have anything to do with them.  Their matter is but to Allah, then He will inform them of what they were doing.”

Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) said that those who split their deen into sects are innovators and misguided ones from this Ummah.

Qatadah (RH) commented that splitting into sects is what Jews and Christians did.

Az-Zamakhshari (RH) commented that every sect has made for itself a leader of its partisanship.

It’s actually amazing that in light of this, Muslims take so much pride and joy on defining themselves firstly by a madhhab, tariqah or shaykh to the point that they separate themselves from the rest of the Ummah in a partisan manner.  Moreover, it seems that the ones who accuse others of being innovators and misguided people are themselves the greatest culprit of this deviance!

Try to make it a point during this month of Ramadan and step outside of your comfort zone.  Go to another masjid and pray with brothers and sisters who are not from your regular group.  We cut ourselves off from some of the favor of Allah (SWT) when we separate ourselves from the rest of the Ummah and stay in our silos.

May Allah (SWT) bring our hearts together in love.  AMEEN.

Do all Muslims hold the belief that Jesus will return?

The status of the return of Jesus Christ (Peace be upon him) has been an issue of dispute among Muslims for centuries.  It is the consensus of the generality (Ahl As-Sunnah Wal Jama’ah) as well as the largest sect within Shi’ism, madhhab Ja’fari, that Jesus Christ (Peace be upon him) has not died yet, but will return under the leadership of Imam Muhammad Al-Mahdi, who implement the shari’ah of Prophet Muhammad (Prayers and peace be upon them and his family), in which both will fill the earth with justice.  There is, however, another opinion, from other schools of thought, which state that Jesus Christ (Peace be upon him) has already died and will not return.

Madhhab Zaydi, which has historically been the predominant school of thought in Yemen, holds that there is no strong proof from the Qur’an or authentic hadeeth that prophecy the return of Jesus Christ (Peace be upon him). Mufti Abdullah Alshathely of Yemen gave a recent fatwa regarding this issue:

 بالنسبة لعودة المسيح عليه السلام فلم اقف على كلام لأئمتنا عليهم السلام في الموضوع وأعني بذلك المتقدمين و لأن المسئلة لا يلزم منها ضلال ولا يتعلق بها علم ولا عمل لم يكن من هم ائمتنا عليهم السلام ردها او اثباتها والذي يظهر لي ان تلك الروايات سربت من الإسرائيليات ولا سيما من كتب اليهود ودسهم لأنهم لا يعترفون بالمسيح الذي بعث قبل النبي صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم فلا زالوا بانتظار مبعثه ولما كان قد بعث عند النصارى والمسلمين جعلوا تلك الروايات عودة والمسئلة قليلة الجدوى لأن من قال بعودته جعل تلك العودة تحت امارة المسلمين وتحت قيادة المهديبالنسبة للإمام يحي بن حمزة عليه السلامفالسبب في تعلق السلفية ببعض كتبه هو افراطه في الحمل على السلامة فاستغل ذلك في دس بعض الاقوال عليه عليه السلام وبالنسبة لرأي اهل البيت عليهم السلام فيه فهو امام من ائمتهم ولكنهم لا يعتقدون عصمة الأئمة عليهم السلام فهم يخطئونه في بعض المسائل ولا يعتقدون فيه سوءا لكون المسئلة مما يحتمل ان يخطء الناظر فيها لأنها ليست قطعية

 

As for the return of Christ, upon him be peace, I am not aware of the statements of our imams, upon them be peace, concerning this issue—by that, I mean the early authorities (al-mutaqadimîn). This is because the issue is not one of affirming deviance or related to the belief or practice. There has not been any from our imams who has refuted or established it. What is clear to me is that those narrations that have infiltrated are amongst the narrated Jewish legends (Isrâ`iilîyât), especially from the books of the Jews and their interpolations. This is because they do not recognize the Christ that was sent before the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, and they are still waiting for his coming. Yet, according to the Christians and Muslims, he has already been sent. Therefore, they constructed these narrations of his return. The issue is one of small advantage because the one who says that he is to return makes the return under the rule of the Muslims and under the leadership of the Mahdi.

The Sunni scholar ibn Khaldun goes a step further by questioning the authenticity of hadeeth that prophecy the coming of Al-Mahdi though the Zaydis except the belief in Al-Mahdi; however, they view this concept differently from Ja’faris, who hold that as Jesus (Peace be upon him) was born and will return that Al-Mahdi has already been born and is in occultation to reappear in the future.

Madhhab Ibadi, the predominant school of thought in the Sultanate of Oman, and Madhhab Isma’ili (Fatimi) also take a similar stance to the Zaydis that Jesus (Peace be upon him), though he was not crucified by the People of the Book, has already died as all other prophets before him have died in flesh.

And Allah knows best.